A fully documented book of this scope has a very large bibliography. This book, although a general history of the Latter-day Saints in Canada, was written largely from primary sources, of which the Church History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, was by far the most important repository. Classes of archival records consulted include the records of missions, districts, and branches; those of stakes and wards; journals of participants; and many other kinds of primary materials, including several online databases. Oral history interviews, several dozen conducted especially for this history, have been a vital part of the documentation. A growing number of records in the Church History Library have been digitized and are available online. Other archival repositories, such as the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, the Community of Christ Archives in Independence, Missouri, and Glenbow Museum and Archives in Calgary, Alberta, have provided access to important archival records.
Much of the previous written history of the LDS Church in Canada is connected to southern Alberta and its colonization by Church members. The most comprehensive look at the LDS Church in Canada prior to this publication is A History of the Mormon Church in Canada (Lethbridge, Alberta: Lethbridge Herald, 1968), which was a Canadian centennial project undertaken by the Lethbridge Stake, with Melvin S. Tagg taking a leading role in the writing and editing of the book. Clearly much has changed in the intervening fifty years. A more recent book, The Mormon Presence in Canada (Edmonton, Alberta: University of Alberta Press, 1990), edited by Brigham Y. Card and others, provides a series of essays on various topics related to Mormon influence on Canadian economics, history, and culture. Additionally, there are several academic theses and numerous scholarly articles documenting the southern Alberta Mormon experience. Indeed, most of the Mormon communities in southern Alberta have published histories of the development of their communities. Histories of Stirling, Raymond, Magrath, Cardston, Taber, Diamond City, and Barnwell can be found in the Church History Library in Salt Lake City, in local museums, libraries, or history centers, and online. The Galt, Raymond, and Magrath museums have extensive collections. Many family histories can be found in the Cardston Family History Centre and other such facilities.
Several sources have been vital for early LDS history in southern Alberta. The Diaries of Charles Ora Card: The Canadian Years, 1886–1903 (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1993), edited by Donald G. Godfrey and Brigham Y. Card, gives the reader a direct and realistic view of the establishment of the first Mormon colonies. Other useful diaries and private papers available at the Church History Library include those of Edward J. Wood, a pillar of the southern Alberta Latter-day Saint community for the first half of the twentieth century, and G. Gordon Whyte, an early convert and key figure in the establishment of the Church in Saskatchewan. Beginning in the late 1950s and continuing into the 1980s, oral histories were recorded from many of the prominent members of the Church in Canada, especially in Alberta, many under the James Moyle Oral History Program. Among the most prominent of these oral historians was Charles Ursenbach, who interviewed over two hundred people during this period at the request of the Church and also for the Alberta Department of Culture, Youth and Recreation. These histories are generally typed and edited and have been placed in the Church History Library, the Glenbow Museum and Archives, and a variety of other locations.
But the growth of the Church and its extension across the entire country has broadened the scope of historical research. As the section in the bibliography “Books, Theses, and Scholarly Articles,” demonstrates, many books, theses, and hundreds of articles from a wide range of sources have been important to the history of the Latter-day Saints all across Canada. Likewise, the section “Articles in Newspapers, Magazines, and Internet References” reflects the wide range of sources consulted to take the history through to 2016. Many Internet sources have been consulted. But, since this bibliography is intended mainly as a guide to permanent paper sources, Internet references, for the most part, have not been included in the bibliography. The chief exceptions are for printed sources that have been digitized or that contain important biographical information not found elsewhere, and for vital databases and other files only found online. The Church Directory of Organizations and Leaders (CDOL), for example, has provided much information on Church leaders and organizations, while the Church family history site, FamilySearch.org, has provided a fuller profile on many people who appear in the history. Internet references and all other sources not listed in the bibliography, including many email communications and telephone conversations, have been cited in the chapter notes and can be readily accessed by reference to subjects listed in the index.
Archival Church Records
(All records are located in the Church History Library in Salt Lake City unless otherwise specified.)
Abbotsford British Columbia Stake Records, 1939–2013.
Adams, Arza. Journals of Arza Adams, 1836–1857.
Alaskan-Canadian Mission History of Church. Canada Project Files, 1967.
Alberta Stake Presidents Correspondence.
Arave, Parley A. “Another Immediate Healing.”
Bennett, Blair. Oral history. Interview by Walter C. Mayer, 20 January 2014.
Blackmore, John H. to N. Eldon Tanner, 21 July 1947. Original copy in Edmonton Branch General Minutes, folder 6, between pages 96 and 97.
Blakeslee, James A. Sections of journal, Dec. 18, 1837–April 2, 1846. Microfilm 915, Community of Christ Archives, Independence, Missouri.
Boice, Mary Ann Barzee. Diary of Patriarch John Boice, Body Guard of the Prophet Joseph Smith.
Boucher, Janet Hamilton. Life Story. Janet Leah Hamilton (KWZQ-BWC), FamilySearch, www.familysearch.org .
Brandley, Theodore. Theodore Brandley Journals, 1869–1904: Journal 1884 April–1885 October.
Broeffle, John, Ontario, Canada to Catherine Broeffle, Franklin, New York, 19 September 1838.
Brown, Benjamin. Testimonies for the Truth: A Record of Manifestations of the Power of God, Miraculous and Providential, Witnessed in The Travels and Experience of Benjamin Brown, High Priest in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Pastor of the London, Reading, Kent, and Essex Conferences, 1853.
Burnham, Ronald J., and Shirley Burnham. Oral history, interview by Ruth Yates, 28 August 2015, Vernon British Columbia.
Burton, William. Journal of William Burton. William Burton Papers.
Calgary Alberta Stake Manuscript History and Historical Reports.
Calgary Ward Manuscript History and Historical Reports.
Canada Calgary Mission. Manuscript History and Historical Reports. Annual Historical Reports (also contains records of the Western Canadian Mission).
Canada Edmonton Mission. Historical and Statistical Office Files. Canada Edmonton Mission Office.
Canada Halifax Mission. Annual Historical Reports.
Canada Montreal Mission. Manuscript History and Historical Reports. Annual Historical Reports.
Canada Toronto East Mission. Annual Historical Reports.
Canada Toronto West Mission. Manuscript History and Historical Reports (also contains the records of the Canadian Mission, the Ontario-Quebec Mission, and the Canada Toronto Mission).
Canada Vancouver Mission. Manuscript History and Historical Reports (also contains records of the Alaskan-Canadian Mission and the Alaska British Columbia Mission).
Canada Winnipeg Mission. Manuscript History and Historical Reports. Annual Historical Reports.
Canadian District (New England Mission). General Minutes.
Canadian District (New England Mission). Manuscript History and Historical Reports.
Canadian Mission. Manuscript History and Historical Reports.
Centennial birthday anniversary of Jane Snyder Richards, 1823–1923. 31 January 1923.
Chamberlin, Solomon. Autobiography, 11 July 1858.
Chia, Chu-Jen. Oral history, interview by Matthew K. Heiss, 6 July 2010.
Christensen, Paul J. Oral history, interviewed by Ruth Yates, 10 September 2016.
Christofferson, Gregory P. “Correspondence and Documents regarding Ellison Milling’s Role in Providing Welfare Wheat to Latter-day Saints in Post-War Europe, September 1947–October 1949.” Correspondence with various General Authorities, Morris H. Ellison, and Reed C. Ellison.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Directory of General Authorities and Officers. Salt Lake City, 1918.
Cowan, Horace. Report, 6 January 1834. Missionary Reports.
Cranbrook British Columbia Stake. Annual Historical Reports.
Creston Branch Manuscript.
“Davenport Named President of Quebec Mormon Branch.” N.d., newspaper clipping included in Canadian Mission annual reports, 31 December 1969. Canada Toronto West Mission Manuscript History and Historical Reports.
Dawson Creek in 1964. Peace River District Manuscript History and Historical Reports.
Dedication Edmonton Chapel, 5 August 1951.
Deuel, Gordon E. Missionary Reports.
“Deux nouveaux missionnaires mormons.” Le Soleil (Quebec), 13 October 1966. Clipping inserted into Canadian Mission quarterly reports, 31 December 1966. Canada Toronto West Mission Manuscript History and Historical Reports.
Dickson, Robert. Missionary report of Robert Dickson, 6 August 1872. Missionary Reports.
Draper, William. Life of William Draper.
———. William Draper autobiography.
Eastern States Mission Historical Reports. New York New York South Mission Manuscript History and Historical Reports.
Edmonton Alberta Millwoods Stake Annual Historical Reports.
Edmonton Branch. Annual genealogical report, Form E, 1938–1948, years 1941–1943. Family History Library, film 105369.
Edmonton Branch General Minutes.
Edmonton District General Minutes, 1941–1960.
Ekman, Carl, and Roberta Ekman. Oral history, interview by Ruth Yates, 8 October 2015, Terrace, British Columbia.
Faulkner, John B. Attestation Paper of Canadian Over-Seas Expeditionary Force.
Fielding, Joseph. Diary of Joseph Fielding. Typescript. [Salt Lake City]: The Reproduction Committee, 1963.
Fielding, Mercy, KWV9-HX5. Family Search. www.familysearch.org.
Frankburg Ward Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1904–1937.
Gardner, Archibald. Archibald Gardner reminiscences.
Gardner, Duncan, and Neil Duncan to Orson Pratt (Church Historian), 15 February 1881. Missionary Reports.
Gardner, Robert. History of Robert Gardner Jr., 1934.
Gates, Susa Young. Lydia Knight’s History, 1883.
Goose Bay Air Force Group Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1968–1975.
Graham, Robert. Oral history, interview by Ruth Yates, 11 September 2015, Langley, British Columbia.
Grant, Heber J. and David O. McKay. Letter to Asael E. Palmer, 20 April 1935. Lethbridge Stake Stake President's Files, 1926-1948.
Gulbranson, Mabel. Oral history, interview by Ruth Yates, 16 June 2015, Vanderhoof, British Columbia.
Halifax Branch Record, 1843–1854.
Halifax Branch Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1844–1983.
Halifax Branch Sunday School Minutes & Records.
Hall, Thomas. Thomas Hall Diary.
Hawthorne, Judy. Oral history, interview by Ruth Yates, 13 June 2015, Fort St. John, British Columbia.
Hill, Alexander. “Hill Family Joins the LDS Church in Canada.” LDKS-YXB, Family Search, FamilySearch.org.
Hinckley, Ross Clinton. Biography of Arza Erastus Hinckley.
Hinckley, Parnell. “Events in the Life of Ira Nathaniel Hinckley, 1828–1904, Pioneer, Churchman, Rancher.”
Hirsche, DiAnn Merkley. Oral history, interview by Walter C. Meyer, 13 March 2014.
“History of the Edmonton Branch.” Edmonton Branch General Minutes.
History of the Montreal Conference. Montreal District General Minutes, 18 October 1919–26, February 1922.
History. Dedication Edmonton Chapel, 5 August 1951.
Horne, Joseph. Reminiscences and Diary.
Horne, Mary Isabella Hales. “Mary I. Hales Horne testimony of Sister M. Isabella Horne.” N.d.
Hughes, Edna Gardner. Biography of Neil Gardner. Neil Gardner, KV5M-975, FamilySearch.
Huntsman, Gabriel. Gabriel Huntsman diary.
Inuvik Branch General Minutes, 1964–1971.
Jack, Elaine L. Relief Society General Board biographical profiles and portraits.
Jehoda, Stephan. Oral history, interview by Bruce Blumell, 1979. Typescript.
Jensen, Heber G. Oral history, interview by Charles Ursenbach, 1975.
John Ellis, KWJZ-G96, FamilySearch, FamilySearch.org.
Johnson, Gail. Email message to Brian Sokolowsky, Church History Department, 18 June 2004. LDS Church history in Yukon Territory.
Journal History 1830–1972, found at history.lds.org.
Judd, Ella Mae Turley. Theodore Turley Biography, ca. 1951–1952.
Judd, Margaret Gay. “Rambling Reminiscences of Margaret Gay Judd Clawson.” KWJC-2N9, FamilySearch, FamilySearch.org.
Judd, Zadok Knapp. “Reminiscences of Zadok Knapp Judd,” typescript, 1902. Mary F. Johnson Collection.
Kapp, Ardeth G. Ardeth G. Kapp Presidency and Board, 1984–1992. Young Women biographical sketches.
Kearl, Harold. Oral history, interview by Charles Ursenbach, 1981. Calgary, Alberta: Glenbow Museum and Archives.
Keeler, Eliza S. Eliza S. Keeler Autobiography and Journal.
Kenney, Eunice. “My testimony of the Latter Day Work,” ca. 1885.
King, Robert R., and Kay Atkinson King. The Ancestry and Descendants of William Atkinson of Sackville, New Brunswick and Bountiful, Utah, 1991.
Knight, Lydia. History.
Kootenay District Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1960.
Lake, George. George Lake Autobiography.
———. George Lake Journal.
Lamanite Generation performed in Kamloops and Penticton in May 1977. Canada Vancouver Mission Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 15 October 1974, folder 3.
Lasqueti Island Branch Sunday School Minutes and Records, 1933–48.
Latter-day Saint Messenger and Advocate, Vol 1, 1834–1837.
Leavitt, Edward J. Diaries 1896–1898.
Leavitt, Sarah Studevant. “History of Sarah Studevant Leavitt, copied from her autobiography by Juanita Leavitt Pulsipher.” June 1919.
Leavitt, Sarah Sturtevant. “Sarah Sturtevant Leavitt Life Story,” KNC6-Y5W, FamilySearch, FamilySearch.org.
Leavitt, Thad W. History of Leeds and Grenville Counties. Cited in Lynn Paul, “Arza.” Typescript.
Lee, Harold B. Conference Reports, September and October 1961.
List of Members in Mersea Essex Branch. William Burton Papers.
Livingstone, Terry. Oral history, interviewed by Matthew K. Heiss, Salt Lake City, 25 February 2014.
“Manitoba Conference. The Gospel Spreading Under the Pressure of Opposition.” Deseret Evening News, 3 November 1900. In Journal History, 24 October 1900.
Maritime District Correspondence, 1961–1962.
Maritime District Manuscript History and Historical Reports.
McLellin, Willliam. Journal. William E. McLellin Papers.
McMullin, Brent M., comp. A History of the White Rock Ward, 2013.
McOlney, Davis. Davis McOlney Account Book.
McPhee, Lola Fay. Oral history, interview by Charles Ursenbach, 1973.
Merkley, Christopher. Biography of Christopher Merkley.
Merrill, Marriner. Marriner W. Merrill Reminiscences, 1888.
Millett, Artemus. Reminiscences, [ca. 1855]. Holograph.
Missionary Work Among the Indians of British Columbia. Alaskan-Canadian Mission History of Church. Canada Project Files.
Montreal Quebec Mount Royal Stake Annual Historical Reports, 1982.
Moore, David. Journal of David Moore. Compiled writings, copied from personal papers in possession of the family, summer 1962. Typescript.
Morin, Pierre-Paul. Oral history, interview by Roy A. Prete, 19 June 2014, Salt Lake City.
Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel database. history.lds.org/
Mulliner, Joseph Smith. The Scottish Mission.
New Brunswick District Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1957–1989.
New England States Mission Records. Massachusetts Boston Mission Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1937–1952.
New Westminster Ward General Minutes, 1942–1977.
Newfoundland District General Minutes, 1949–1959.
Newfoundland Missionary Record, 1959–1969.
Nielsen, Grant L. Joseph Russell, Miramichi Shipbuilder and Financier. 1980.
North Central States Mission. Minnesota Minneapolis Mission Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1925–1970.
North Shore Ward Confidential Minutes.
North Vancouver Branch and Cranbrook Branch. Canada Calgary Mission Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 2 December 1949.
Northcott, Dorothy E. “Rededication,” 2 November 1986.
Northern States Mission Records. Illinois Chicago Mission Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1875–1976.
Northwestern States Mission. Oregon Portland Mission Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1902–1947.
Nova Scotia District Annual Historical Reports.
Nova Scotia District General Minutes.Noyce, Gladys H. Church Membership Statistical Summaries.
Ottawa Ontario Stake Annual Historical Reports, 1978–2015.
Ottawa Ontario Stake, Minutes of the Stake Conference, 27 February 1977. Ottawa Ontario Stake General Minutes.
Page, Hiram to Wm. McLellan, 2 February 1948. Letters and Documents copied from originals in the Office of the Church Historian, Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Independence, Missouri.
Page, John E. Journal Synopsis.
Palmer, Asael E. to President Heber J. Grant and Counselors, 16 April 1935. Lethbridge Stake Stake President’s Files, 1926–1948.
Palmer, Asael E. Oral history, interview by Charles Ursenbach, 2–3 June 1973, Lethbridge Alberta. Calgary, Alberta: Glenbow Museum and Archives.
Peace River District Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1964.
Pearson, Sarah E. A Sketch of the Life of Nathan Staker. Staker Family Collection, 1877–1947.
Perkins, Dean (Member and Statistical Records Division, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints). Email to Stephen V. Beck (Country Profile Manager, Church History Library). “Canada Statistics by Province since 1965,” 28 March 2016.
Perkins, Dean (Member and Statistical Records Division, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints). Email to Stephen V. Beck (Country Profile Manager, Church History Library). “LDS Statistics, Quebec, since 1970,” 31 August 2016.
Peterson, Ronald. Oral history, interview by Walter C. Meyer, 7 February 2014.
Pilling, Doral William. Oral history, interview by Charles Ursenbach.
Pinckney, Edwin Emerson. Early Mormon Missionaries Database. history.lds.org/
Pointe Claire Ward Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1967–1980.
Powell River Branch Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1967–1983.
Pratt, Parley P. to the Elders and Brethren of the Church of Latter-day Saints in Canada, 27 November 1836, Kirkland, Ohio. John Taylor Collection, 1829–1894.
Prete, Carma. Canada Manitoba LDS Historical Country Profile, prepared for the Church History Department, 2014.
———. Canada Quebec LDS Historical Country Profile, prepared for the Church History Department, 2014.Prete, Roy A. Journal, vol. 4, 169–70 (20 November 1977); vol. 46 (1 July 2011). In possession of Roy A. Prete.
Prince Edward Island Missionary Record, 1958–1960, 1966–1974.
Proctor, Philip F. Oral history, interview by Walter C. Meyer, 8 January 2014.
Rasmussen, Kenneth L. Barnabas Lathrop Adams and His Descendants. Idaho Falls: K. L. Rasmussen, 2004.
Record of Members. Manitoba District, Northern States Mission. Early to 1919, 1897–1914. Family History Library, film #105331.
Record of Members. North Saskatchewan District, North Central States Mission. Early to 1930. Family History Library, film #0105336.
Record of Members. Raymond 1st Ward, 1901–1942. Family History Library, film #105380.
Record of Members. Raymond 2nd Ward, 1912–1943. Family History Library, film #105381.
Regina Branch General Minutes, 1932–1975.
Victoria British Columbia Stake Annual Historical Reports, 1980–2016.
Richards, Jane Snyder. Jane S. Richards Autobiographical Sketch.
Richards, John Kenny. John K. Richards Notebook.
Rolfson, Cordel and Marilyn. Oral history, interview by Ruth Yates, 9 September 2015, Langley, British Columbia.
Rollins, Leroy. Oral History. Interviewed by Charles Ursenbach, Edmonton, Alberta, 1976.
Rowe, Glenn N. Historical Department, Salt Lake City. Correspondence with Margaret Purdy [Zaruk], 1 May 1984.
Saint John New Brunswick Branch General Minutes.
Saint John New Brunswick Stake Annual Historical Reports.
Salmon, Donald D. Oral history, interview by Walter C. Meyer, 13 January 2014.
Sheppard, David E. comp. “The History of the Kentville Saints: Celebrating 35 years of Organization as a Branch and a Ward.” 1996. Dartmouth Nova Scotia Stake records, 1960, 1996–2008.
Sheppard, John H. (bishop of Calgary Ward) to Asael E. Palmer (president of the Lethbridge Stake), 8 September 1932. Lethbridge Stake stake president’s files.
Smith, Alden. Oral history, interview by Ruth Yates, 23 June 2016, Langley, British Columbia.
Smith, William. J. “Montreal.” Canadian Mission, News from the Missions, Liahona, the Elders’ Journal, 14 March 1939. In Montreal District General Minutes, 29 June 1941.
Snow, Lorenzo. “New Century: Greeting to the World.” Delivered at the Centennial Services in the Latter-day Saints’ Tabernacle, Salt Lake City, 1 January 1901.
Sommerfeldt, Don. Oral history, interview by Walter C. Meyer, 4 March 2014.
South Saskatchewan District General Minutes, 1925–1959.
Special Victoria District Conference, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Capitol Theatre, Victoria, British Columbia, 9 February 1975.
Stake history interview, 20 August 2013, Edmonton Alberta North Stake Annual Historical Reports, folder 2013.
Statistical Reports, Church Educational System.
Stenhouse, Anthony Maitland of Comox. Stenhouse, D. R.
Strate, Alfred, and Mabel Strate. “History of the Edmonton Branch.”
Stringham, Bryant. Oral history, interview by Walter C. Meyer, 21 January 2014.
Tanner, N. E., to David O. McKay, 26 October 1939. Edmonton Branch General Minutes, folder 6, between pages 96 and 97.
“The History of the Nanaimo British Columbia Stake.” October 1997.
The Presiding Bishopric. Directory of the General Authorities and Officers of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1948.
Thompson, Mercy Rachel Fielding. “Mercy R. Fielding Thompson autobiographical sketch,” 1880.
Tri-stake 2007–Every Nation Every People production. Abbotsford British Columbia Stake Records, 1939–2013.
Ursenbach, Charles. Oral history, interview by William G. Hartley, 5–7 April 1973. Calgary, Alberta: Glenbow Museum and Archives.
Ursenbach, Charles. Oral history, interview by Harold O. Merkley, 18 June 1981. Calgary, Alberta: Glenbow Museum and Archives.
Vancouver British Columbia Stake Manuscript History and Historical Reports.
Vancouver British Columbia Ward General Minutes, 1911–1977.
Vancouver District General Minutes, 1948–1960.
Vancouver Stake 1904–1952—history retyped by Jean Davie, 2005. Abbotsford British Columbia Stake Records, 1939–2013.
Vancouver Stake 1920s—Rimmer family with photos. Abbotsford British Columbia Stake Records, 1939–2013.
Vancouver Stake 1967—Stake Center Dedication booklet, 1967. Abbotsford British Columbia Stake Records, 1939–2013.
Vancouver Stake 1970—10th Anniversary Booklet. Abbotsford British Columbia Stake Records, 1939–2013.
Vancouver Stake 1985—25th Anniversary Celebration Program Script. Abbotsford British Columbia Stake Records, 1939–2013.
Vancouver Star: Canada Vancouver Mission Newsletter, 7 August 2007, 17 July 2007. Canada Vancouver Mission Annual Historical Reports.
Vanderhoof Branch Confidential Minutes, 1964.
Western Canadian Mission. Canada Calgary Mission Manuscript History and Historical Reports, 1941–1977.
Wheat, Carolyn. Oral history, interview by Ruth Yates, 12 June 2015, Dawson Creek, British Columbia.
Whidden, Allan (former district president), and Catherine Houston (history teacher in Haida Gwaii from 1974 to 1981). Oral history, interview by Ruth Yates, June 2014, Vanderhoof, British Columbia.
Whyte, George Gordon, and Walter P. Van Moorlehem to Pres. W. W. Richards, 23 December 1936. Regina Branch General Minutes.
Widdison, Lillian Gardner. “Archibald Gardner, the Miller.” Archibald Gardner, L44V-V6T, FamilySearch, www.familysearch.org.
Widtsoe, John A. to N. E. Tanner, 10 January 1947. Copy in Edmonton Branch General Minutes, folder 6, between pages 96 and 97.
Wilde, Thomas. “A Brief History of the Church in Montreal.” In possession of George Eric Jarvis.
Wilde, Thomas. Interview by George Eric Jarvis, 19 May 2014. In possession of George Eric Jarvis.
Wilde, Warren D. Oral history, interview by Walter C. Meyer, 20 January 2014.
Willicome, Jack. Oral history, interview by Ruth Yates, 10 June 2015, Lethbridge, Alberta.
Witbeck, Owen “Brownie.” Interview by Darrel Nelson, 26 October 2013, Raymond, Alberta. In possession of Darrel Nelson.
Wood, Daniel (16 October 1800–25 April 1892), KWJJ-VHC. Family Search, www.familysearch.org.
Wood, Daniel. Biography of Daniel Wood Sr., 1868. Daniel Wood Journals.
Wood, Daniel. “A History of Daniel Wood” and “Life Sketch of Daniel Wood.” LCMV-2PS, FamilySearch, www.familysearch.org.
Wood, Edward J. to Philip Sheffield, 30 August 1905. In Lenora A. Sheffield Duce, Oral history, interviewed by Charles Ursenbach, Salt Lake City: James Moyle Oral History Program, 10 March 1974. Appendix.
Wood, Vi. Minutes of meeting of the Edmonton Branch, 26 February 1933. In Edmonton Branch General Minutes, folder 6, between pages 96 and 97.
Wood, Vi A. Oral history, interview by Charles Ursenbach, Edmonton, Alberta, 14 September 1973.Wright, Alexander. Journal. Alexander Wright Papers.
Young, Brigham. Journal. Brigham Young office files, box 71, fd. 1, folios 4 to 15.
Books, Theses, and Scholarly Articles
Allen, James B. “The Rise and Decline of the LDS Indian Student Placement Program, 1947–1996.” In Mormons, Scripture, and the Ancient World: Studies in Honor of John L. Sorensen, edited by Davis Bitton. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1998.
Allen, James B., Ronald K. Esplin, and David J. Whittaker. Men with a Mission, 1837–1841: The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in the British Isles. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1992.
Alston, William Ray. “Mother of Canadian Scouting.” Vol. 3 of Women of Faith in the Latter Days, edited by Richard E. Turley and Brittany A. Chapman. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2014.
Barnwell Mormon Relief Society. Barnwell History. Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Brothers, 1952.
Bates, Jane Eliza Woolf, and Zina Alberta Woolf Hickman. Founding of Cardston and Vicinity. N.p.: Charles Ursenbach, .
Baugh, Alexander L. “Mormonism in Western Canada: Selected Bibliography.” In Regional Studies in Latter-day Saint History: Western Canada. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University, Department of Church History and Doctrine, 2000.
Bennett, Richard, A Study of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Upper Canada 1830–1850. Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1975.
Benson, Reed A. “Ezra Taft Benson: The Eisenhower Years.” In Out of Obscurity: The LDS Church in the Twentieth Century. The 29th Annual Sidney B. Sperry Symposium. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2000.
Brown, Fannie Morgan. “In Caldwell.” In Treasures of Pioneer History, compiled by Kate B. Carter. Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1952–1957.
Brown, Zina Y. C. “Mother of Cardston.” In “Mormons in Canada,” Treasures of Pioneer History, compiled by Kate B. Carter. Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1952–57.
Buckingham, Graham. Thompson: A City and its People. Altona, Manitoba: Friesen Printers, 1988.
Bumstead, John M. The Peoples of Canada: A Post-Confederation History. Don Mills, Ontario: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Burr, Carol Reid, and Roger K. Petersen. Rose Marie Reid: An Extraordinary Life Story. American Fork, UT: Covenant Communications, 1995.
Bushman, Richard L. Joseph Smith and the Beginnings of Mormonism. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1984.
———. Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.
Campbell, David E., John C. Green, and J. Quin Monson. Seeking the Promised Land: Mormons and American Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Campbell, Eugene E., and Richard D. Poll. Hugh B. Brown: His Life and Thought. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1975.
Cannon, Brian Q. “Faith versus Objectivity: Trends in Providential and Mormon History.” Unpublished manuscript, 2014. In possession of Brian Q. Cannon.
Card, Brigham Y. “Origins of the Canadian Mormon Studies Association: A Dynamic Interpretation.” The Canadian Journal of Mormon Studies 1, no. 1 (1996): 60–70.
Card, Brigham Y., and others, eds. The Mormon Presence in Canada. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1990.
Careless, J. M. S. Canada: A Story of Challenge. 3rd ed. Toronto: Macmillan, 1970.
Carter, Kate B., comp. Treasures of Pioneer History. Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1952–57.
Carter, Sarah. The Importance of Being Monogamous: Marriage and Nation Building in Western Canada to 1915. Edmonton: The University of Alberta Press, 2008.
Clark, James R., comp. Messages of the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 6 vols. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1965–75.
Clifton, Jonathan. “Fragmented Citizenship: Canadian Immigration Policy and Low-Skilled Portuguese Workers in Toronto.” Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies 8, no. 4 (2010): 409–30.
Cook, Lyndon W. “William Law, Nauvoo Dissenter.” BYU Studies 22, no. 1 (Winter 1982): 47–72.
Conrad, Ellen, ed. A Choice Land & People: Memories and Events, 1904–2004, Taber Alberta Area, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Taber, Alberta: Taber Alberta Stake, 2004.
Conrad, Margaret, Alvin Finkel, and Cornelius Jaenen. A History of the Canadian Peoples. Vol. 1, Beginnings to 1867. Toronto: Copp Clark, 1993.
Cornwall, Marie. “The Social Bases of Religion: A Study of Factors Influencing Religious Belief and Commitment.” Review of Religious Research 29, no. 1 (September 1987): 44–56.
Cowan, Richard O. “Stakes, 1910–present.” In Mapping Mormonism: An Atlas of Latter-day Saint History, edited by Brandon S. Plewe. Provo, UT: BYU Studies, 2012.
Craig, Gerald M. Upper Canada: The Formative Years, 1784–1841. Don Mills, Ontario: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Creighton, Donald G. The Road to Confederation: The Emergence of Canada, 1863–1867. Toronto: Houghton Mifflin, 1964.
Crowson, Belinda. Alberta’s Sugar-Coated History: The Sugar Beet Industry. Lethbridge, Alberta: Lethbridge Historical Society, 2013.
Decoo, Wilfred. “In Search of Mormon Identity: Mormon Culture, Gospel Culture, and an American Worldwide Church.” International Journal of Mormon Studies 6 (2013): 1–53.
Delong, Sarah Broom, and Dennis A. Wright. Vancouver Saints: A Brief History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Vancouver and the Lower Mainland of British Columbia: 1845–2007. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University, College of Religious Education, 2009.
Deseret News. 2003 Church Almanac. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 2002.
———. 2012 Church Almanac. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 2012.
———. 2013 Church Almanac. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 2013.
Dew, Sheri L. Ezra Taft Benson: A Biography. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1987.
———. Go Forward with Faith: The Biography of Gordon B. Hinckley. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1996.
Dickson, John, and Brian Young. A Short History of Quebec. 4th ed. Montreal, Quebec: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2008.
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Edmonton Alberta Bonnie Doon Stake. Northern Light. Edmonton, Alberta: Priority Printing, 1999.
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