Preface

“Preface,” in The Sermon on the Mount in Latter-day Scripture, ed. Gaye Strathearn, Thomas A. Wayment, and Daniel L. Belnap (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2010), vii–ix.

The Sermon on the Mount

in Lat​ter-day Scripture

 

edited by

Gaye Strathearn

Thomas A. Wayment

Daniel L. Belnap

 

 

 

THE 39TH ANNUAL

BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY

SIDNEY B. SPERRY SYMPOSIUM

 


Published by the Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, in cooperation with Deseret Book Company, Salt Lake City

http://rsc.byu.edu

© 2010 by Brigham Young University

All rights reserved.

Deseret Book is a registered trademark of Deseret Book Company.

Visit us as DeseretBook.com

Any uses of this material beyond those allowed by the exemptions in U.S. copyright law, such as section 107, “Fair Use,” and section 108, “Library Copying,” require the written permission of the publisher, Religious Studies Center, 167 HGB, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602. The views expressed herein are the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the position of Brigham Young University or the Religious Studies Center.

ISBN


Contents

Preface

“Resist Not Evil”: The Supreme Test of Christian Discipleship

Daniel K Judd

The Sociocultural Context of the Sermon on the Mount

Amy B. Hardison

Astonishment at the Sermon on the Mount and the Sermon at the Temple

Valerie Triplet-Hitoto

Israel’s Ancient Psalms: Cornerstone of the Beatitudes

Andrew C. Skinner

Salt and Light: Being in the World but Not of the World

Matthew O. Richardson

The Six Antitheses: Attaining the Purpose of the Law through the Teachings of Jesus

Eric D. Huntsman

“What Therefore God Hath Joined Together, Let No Man Put Asunder”

Richard D. Draper

“Be Ye Therefore Perfect”: The Elusive Quest for Perfection

Frank F. Judd Jr.

The Father in the Sermon on the Mount

Jared W. Ludlow

The Kingdom of God: God’s Vision for Society in the Sermon on the Mount

Jennifer C. Lane

“Beholdest Thou . . . the Priests and the Levites” (JST, Matthew 7:4)

Matthew J. Grey

The Golden Rule: A Moral Searchlight

Eric-Jon K. Marlowe

“By Their Fruits Ye Shall Know Them”

Robert L. Millet

 

“Thy Will Be Done”: The Savior’s Use of the Divine Passive

Matthew L. Bowen

“As Your Father Also Is Merciful”: The Sermon on the Plain and the Development of Mercy

Nicholas J. Frederick

 

“A Wise Man . . . Built His House upon a Rock”: The Doctrine of Discernment

Daniel L. Belnap

The Sermon on the Mount in the Joseph Smith Translation

David A. LeFevre

How New Testament Variants Contribute to the Meaning of the Sermon on the Mount

Thomas A. Wayment

 

Echoes from the Sermon on the Mount

John W. Welch

 

Index


Preface

The 2010 Sidney B. Sperry Symposium seeks to honor and discuss the magisterial teachings contained in the Sermon on the Mount. The title “Sermon on the Mount” seems to have been first coined by Saint Augustine of Hippo (AD 354–430) [1] and has endured throughout the centuries even though different versions of the sermon were given in different settings. In Luke the sermon was given “in the plain” (Luke 6:12, 17), and in the New World it was given at the temple (see 3 Nephi 11:1). Augustine, however, was clearly influenced by Matthew’s version of the sermon, which begins with “And seeing the multitudes, [Jesus] went up into a mountain” (Matthew 5:1). Throughout history the Christian world has gravitated to the Matthean version, but all three versions provide valuable insights.

In Matthew’s Gospel the sermon is Jesus’ inaugural message, introducing Jesus’ teachings and showing that Jesus is indeed the anticipated “Coming One” (Matthew 11:1–5). [2] The mountain setting is particularly important in this Gospel because it serves as one means of portraying Jesus as the “new Moses.” Just as Moses went up into a mountain to receive the law, Jesus went up into a mountain to give the new law. When we again find Jesus on a mountain—this time as a resurrected being instructing his disciples to go into all nations, “teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I commanded you” (Matthew 28:20)—he was perhaps referring to his teachings at the Sermon on the Mount. [3]

In Luke’s Gospel, the inaugural sermon takes place in the synagogue in Nazareth (see Luke 4:16–27). This sermon, called the Sermon on the Plain, plays a pivotal role in Luke. It immediately follows the calling of the Twelve (see Luke 6:12–16). While there are similarities between the Lucan and Matthean sermons, the Lucan sermon is significantly shorter. It includes none of the material from Matthew 6, which is instead scattered throughout the rest of Luke’s Gospel. Even so, the Lucan sermon does contain material that is not found in the Matthean version, most notably the series of woes attached to the Beatitudes. [4]

Latter-day Saints recognize that the Sermon at the Temple recorded in 3 Nephi parallels the Matthean sermon in many ways, but it is certainly not the same sermon. In the Book of Mormon account, Jesus speaks as a resurrected, glorified being and addresses a different audience. [5]

Although studying the different versions of the sermon within their separate contexts is helpful, Augustine was perhaps the first to recognize that the Sermon on the Mount, independent of its context, contains teachings that are worthy of serious study and contemplation. [6]

In this volume we have included selected papers submitted for the symposium held at Brigham Young University on October 29–30, 2010. The first chapter is the keynote address delivered by Daniel K Judd titled “‘Resist Not Evil’: The Supreme Test of Christian Discipleship.” We have arranged the remaining chapters into four blocks: introductory material, papers that discuss elements of the sermon in the order found in Matthew, papers that highlight teachings from the Lucan sermon, and papers that discuss the Joseph Smith Translation’s contributions. The final paper discusses how the sermon is later used in the Book of Mormon and the Bible.

The 2010 Sperry Symposium committee consisted of Patty Smith, Thomas R. Valletta, and Professors Gaye Strathearn, Thomas A. Wayment, and Daniel L. Belnap. The editorial responsibilities were carried out by Professors Strathearn, Wayment, and Belnap. We express our appreciation to each of those who contributed to the Sperry Symposium and to this volume of papers. We are most grateful to our colleagues at Brigham Young University who reviewed the chapters and offered helpful suggestions.

Notes

[1] Hans Dieter Betz, The Sermon on the Mount, a Commentary on the Sermon on the Mount, including the Sermon on the Plain (Matthew 5:3–7:27 and Luke 6:2049)  (Minneapolis: Fortress Press), 3. 

[2] See Gaye Strathearn, "Matthew as an Editor," in How the New Testament Came to Be, ed. Kent P. Jackson and Frank F. Judd Jr. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2006), 146–51. 

[3] Ulrich Luz, Matthew 1–7; Wilhelm C. Linss (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1989), 214.  

[4] For a detailed discussion, see Thomas A. Wayment, "The Sermon on the Plain," in The Life and Teachings of Jesus Christ, vol. 1: From Bethlehem through the Sermon on the Mount, ed. Richard Neitzel Holzapfel and Thomas A. Wayment (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2005), 355–78. 

[5] See Krister Stendahl, "The Sermon on the Mount," in Reflections on Mormonism, ed. Truman G. Madsen (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1978), 139–54; and John W. Welch, Illuminating the Sermon at the Temple and Sermon on the Mount (Provo, UT: FARMS, 1999).

[6] Betz, The Sermon on the Mount, 12.