Index

Aaron, 72

abba, 147, 155n18

Abijam, 125

abuse, 14–15

acquired honor, 27–30

Adam and Eve, 1–2, 111, 114–18, 203

adoption, as children of God, 71–72, 235–36

adultery: antithesis on, 100–101; divorce and, 111, 112–14, 118; law on, 121n8; variants in teaching on, 301–3; in Gospel of Matthew, 324

agape, 256–57

agency, 4–5

Albright, W. F., 138n52

Alexander Jannaeus, 192n9

Allison, Dale C. Jr., 10–11, 127, 138n54

Alma, 224

‘āmēn, 95, 107n9

Ammerman, Nancy T., 213n38

Amulek, 137n39

anger, 8–10, 98–99, 300–301, 333–34

antithesis: overview, 93–94, 131; fulfillment of law and, 94–96; nature and structure of, 96–98; content of, 98–104; in context of Matthew 5, 104–5; conclusions on, 106; defined, 138n54. See also thesis-antithesis method

apostasy, 113

Archelaus, 193n10

Aristotle, 212n16

Asa, 125

Asay, Carlos E., 86, 87

asceticism, 162–63

ascribed honor, 26–27

‘ashre, 65

asking, 242–43, 278–79

Atonement: adoption as children of God through, 71–72; salvation through, 218–20; Jubilee and, 232–33; justice through, 233–34; will of God and, 239–40; kingdom of God and, 240–41; as act of mercy, 265

Augustine of Hippo, vii, viii, 1–2, 305

Augustus, 26

authority, of Jesus Christ, 38–39, 46–49, 95–96

auzanousin, 308

 

Bachman, Danel, 143–44

backhanded slap, 12, 29

Ballard, M. Russell, 81, 84, 86, 209

baptism, 2, 331, 340n27

Barker, Margaret, 239

Barnabas, 221

Barr, David L., 79

beam, 181–82, 263, 273–77, 290

Beatitudes: as declaration of honor, 30–31; as teaching style, 43–44; Psalms and, 59–60, 73–74; temple and, 61–65; literary form of, 65–66; content of, 66–73; disciples and, 79–80; antitheses and, 104; divine passive in, 231–36; mercy in, 252–55; discernment in, 269–72; in JST, 285–86; in 1 Peter, 331–32; in Epistle of James, 333

beatus, 65, 79, 137n43, 252

Bednar, David A., 233, 241, 282n22

Benjamin, King, 235–36

Ben Sira, 204, 212n9

Benson, Ezra Taft, 82, 203

bet midrash, 38

Betz, Hans Dieter: on judgment, 35; on public worship, 37; on good deeds, 85; on salt losing savor, 86; on materialism, 89–90; on perfection, 267n17; on “holy thing,” 322

Bible. See Joseph Smith Translation (JST); New Testament; Old Testament

blessedness, 79–80, 91n11

blessings: asking for, 145–46, 242–43, 278–79; for just and unjust, 147; Golden Rule and, 205–6

blind man, proverb of, 261–63, 274

Blomberg, Craig L., 216

bodies, 162–63

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich, 222

Book of Mormon: Sermon on the Mount quoted in, viii, 313–22; reaction to sermon in, 42–43, 50–56; understanding sermon through, 110

Boraston, George, 211n1

brokers, 34–35

brother, resolving transgression of, 323–24

Bruce, F. F., 129

Buddhism, 210

 

Caesar, 26

Callis, Charles A., 209

Camfield, Benjamin, 211n1

celestial kingdom, 68–69, 133, 161

celibacy, 118–19

challenge-riposte contest, 27–30

Chancey, Mark, 194n17

change of heart, 165–66, 217, 226

charis, 259

charity, 226

cheek, turning other, 12–15, 29

children, original sin and, 2

children of God: becoming, 20–21, 149, 259–60; adoption as, 71–72, 235–36; created in God’s image, 117–18; peacemakers called, 234–35

chortazo, 339n7

Christianity, Sermon on the Mount in early, 313, 322

Christofferson, D. Todd, 170–71

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: teachings on origins of evil, 2–4; views on divorce, 120; insights on perfection, 132–33; as kingdom of God, 144–45, 161

Cicero, 33–34

Classical dialectic, 96

Clement of Alexandria, 222

Clement of Rome, 221

clients, 32–33

Codex Bezae, 302, 303, 305

Codex Sinaiticus, 300, 303, 308

Codex Vaticanus, 300, 302, 303

Codex Washingtonianus, 302, 303

comfort, 67–68, 231–33, 254

commandments, 54–55, 127, 136n24, 316

Community of Christ, 283

condemnation, 241–42, 260–61

Confucius, 204, 212nn14,16

Constantine, 10

contention, 8–9

continuing revelation, 51–53

conversion, 168–69, 226–27

corrupt tree, parable of, 276, 282n18, 334–35

covenants, 82–84, 149

cross, taking up, 291

Crucifixion, 60–61, 193n14

Cushing, Ryan, 17–19, 20

 

Davies, W. D., 127, 138n54

Day of Atonement, 232, 242, 244

Dead Sea Scrolls, 16, 43, 57n13, 67

debts, 291

deeds, 128, 137n42, 215–18. See also good works

desire, 129–30

Dew, Sheri L., 130

Didache, 186, 307, 322

discernment: overview, 268–69; persecution and, 271–72; of truth, 272–73; hypocrisy and, 273–75; of good and evil, 275–78, 326; obtaining, 278–79; conclusions on, 279–80; Stephen L. Richards on, 281n16; David A. Bednar on, 282n22

disciples: being not of the world, 76–77; setting for sermon and, 77–79; Beatitudes and, 79–80; as salt of the earth, 80–84, 86–87; as light of the world, 84–86; standard of righteousness for, 87–88; perfection of, 88–90, 281n14; worldliness and, 90–91; temptations for, 255; grace and, 259; as leaders, 261–63, 274; as sermon audience, 284–85; providing for, 293–94, 325–26, 332

discipleship: worldliness and, 86–87; characteristics of true, 127, 255–57; perfection and, 135; will of God and, 216; works and, 223–25; trials of, 254–55; temptation in, 255; inward versus outward, 263–64

divine passive: overview, 230–31; in Beatitudes, 231–36; in Lord’s Prayer, 236–41; in Sermon on the Mount, 241–43; conclusions on, 243–44

divorce: antithesis on, 101; Dallin H. Oaks on, 108n36; teachings on, 111–14, 118–20; among Jews, 121n1; variants in teaching on, 301–3; in Gospel of Matthew, 324–25; in Gospel of Mark, 328

dogs, 185–87, 200nn78,80

doxology, 246n19, 306

Duling, Dennis, 77

Dummelow, J. R., 80

 

Eastern Terra Sigillata, 195n27

Ecclesiasticus, 212n9

Ehrman, Bart, 78

eike, 300–301

emphatic negation, 267n15

enduring trials, 127–28

enemies, commandment to love: as means to “resist not evil,” 15–21; antithesis on, 103–4, 131; language for, 109n45, 256–57; written law and, 138n56; variants in teaching on, 303–4

enlightenment, mountains as symbol of, 78

Enoch, city of, 165–66

Essenes, 75n13, 175, 185, 193n11, 196n32

eternal perfection, 133

eternal progression, 153n4

ethical purity, 184–85

Eucharist, 186–87

evil: origin of, 1–4; defined, 4–5; responding to, 5–7, 17–21; “resist not evil,” 7–12; turning other cheek and, 12–15; knowledge of good and, 208; discernment of good and, 275–78

evil eye, 36, 41n43

evil spirits, 201n90

exaltation, 117–18, 120, 153n4, 167–68

exorcisms, 201n90

experience gap, 208–9

eye: evil, 36, 41n43; eye single, 290; plucking out, 290–91, 324

“eye for eye, tooth for tooth,” 5–7, 8

 

faith: in patronage, 34; Golden Rule and, 209–10; in gospel, 217–18; moving forward in, 218, 325–26; salvation through, 218–20; works and, 220–22

Fall, 1–2

false prophets, 85, 187–90, 201n88, 215, 275–78

family: ascribed honor and, 26; in Mediterranean society, 31

“The Family: A Proclamation to the World,” 117

Faust, James E., 14, 282n17

feasting, 253

1 Peter, 331–33, 340n27

First Presidency, 212n16

Fitzmeyer, Joseph, 155n18

forced service, 103, 108n42

forgiveness: for enemies, 17–19; mercy and, 147, 242, 261; God as model of, 325; in Gospel of Mark, 328–29

fornication, 113, 118, 301–2

forswearing, 102

France, R. T., 81, 107n9

fruits. See deeds

funerary customs, of Jerusalem, 178–79, 196n33

 

Galilee, 37, 177, 178, 194n19, 195n20

Gensler, Harry J., 203, 207–8, 210

Gentiles, 158, 180–81, 186, 293–94, 315

Gibbon, Edward, 10–11

God: agency and, 3; using evil for his purposes, 3; as Patron, 34–35; seeing, 62–64, 69–70, 71, 151–52; personality of, 66; mercy of, 70, 250–51; mountains as symbol of approaching, 78–79; reverencing name of, 102, 148–49, 188–89, 236–38; nature of, 117–18; sermon teachings on, 140–41, 152–53; as Father in Heaven, 141–45, 147, 153n2, 155nn18,19; will of, 142, 215–18, 238–40, 244, 246nn19, 23; characteristics of, 145–47; our relationship with, 147–51; glory of, 154n11; knowing, 227; providence of, 240–41; being reconciled to, 244; reciprocity and, 258–61; providing for disciples, 325–26; tempting, 334. See also children of God

Godhead, 148

Golden Rule: overview of, 202–3; before Jesus, 203–4; taught by Jesus, 204–7; application of, 207–10; conclusions on, 210–11; criticism of, 213n25; mercy and, 234, 258

Goodman, John, 211n1

good Samaritan, 264

good tree, parable of, 276, 282n18, 334–35

good works: glorify God, 84–85; salvation through, 220–25; purpose of, 225–27; in 1 Peter, 332

gospel, proving, 217–18

Gospels: understanding, 24–25; parallels in, 309. See also specific Gospels

grace, 40n32, 218–22, 259

gratitude, 34

greed, 36

grief, 254

 

ha’addam, 115–17

Hagner, Donald A., 138n53

halachah, 48

Hales, Robert D., 90

hallow, 236–38

hand(s): left and right, 12; cutting off, 290–91, 324

Hanson, K. C., 25–26

happiness, versus blessedness, 80

Hardy, Heather, 171n1

hate, 16–17, 103–4

heart: pure in, 62–64, 71, 138n45, 151–52, 156n32; perfection and, 89; change of, 165–66, 217, 226

Hellman, Martin, 11

“he opened his mouth,” 64–65

Herod Antipas, 121n3, 177

Herodius, 121n3

Herod the Great, 193n10

Hill, David, 139n57

Hillel, Rabbi: on Aaron as peacemaker, 72; anger and, 99; on divorce, 112, 113, 119, 121n5; Golden Rule and, 204; on loving enemies, 258

Hinckley, Gordon B.: on racial divisiveness, 16–17; on righteousness and preservation of wicked, 82; on light of Christ, 85; on doing your best, 139n68; on contributing, 171; on Golden Rule, 206; on mercy, 265

Hinduism, 210

holiness, 135n7, 236–38, 245n17, 297n10

Holland, Jeffrey R., 143, 148

Holy Ghost, 130, 209, 233, 272–73, 282n17

holy things, 185–87

Homer, 204

homosexuality, 17

honor: in Mediterranean society, 24–25; shame and, 25–26; ascribed and acquired, 26–27; challenge-riposte contests and, 27–30; declarations of, 30–32; wealth and, 35–36

hope, 167–69

houses built upon rock and sand, 37–38, 263–64, 277–78, 316–17

humility, 66–67, 252–53

hunger, those who, 253. See also righteousness

hypocrisy: of priestly authorities, 181–85, 199nn66,67, 200n71, 287–88; in discipleship, 216–17, 263, 327; works and, 223–25; discernment and, 273–78, 280n9; according to Matthew, 281n11; self-deception and, 281n13; in Epistle of James, 335

 

Ignatius, 222

illumination, mountains as symbol of, 78

imagination, Golden Rule and, 210

individualism, 25

infant baptism, 2

inheritance, 235–36, 260

integrity, 126, 216–17

Intercessory Prayer, 77, 90–91, 227

inverted recapitulation, 315–16

Irenaeus, 301

Islam, 210

Israelites: Mosaic law and, 6; Psalms and, 62; commanded to be perfect, 125, 135n7; provisions for, 241

Ivins, Anthony W., 205–6

 

Jackson, Kent P., 190

Jacob, 166–67

James, 127–28, 333–35

Jefferson, Thomas, 9

Jeremiah, David, 19, 20

Jerusalem: as sermon setting, 36–38; social inequality in, 176–81; funerary customs in, 178–79, 196n33; hypocrisy in, 181–85, 200n71

Jerusalem temple, 62–64, 175–80. See also temple

Jesus Christ: ascribed honor and, 26–27; authority of, 38–39, 46–49; as fulfillment of Mosaic law, 49–50, 53–55, 94–96, 106n1, 129–30, 287–89; perfection through, 55–56, 126–27, 133; personality of, 66; as Comforter, 67–68, 231–33; mercy of, 70, 250–51, 265; as Peacemaker, 71–72; being persecuted for, 72–73, 271–72, 293; teaches of God, 140–41, 152–53; temptation of, 143; second coming of, 145, 254; glory of God and, 154n11; hope in, 167–69; cleanses temple, 197n46; Golden Rule taught by, 204–7; knowing, 227–28; commitment to will of God, 246nn19,23; becoming like, 262–63, 266n5, 275, 281n14; commandment to believe in, 286–87; provides for disciples, 293–94, 325–26, 332

Job, 135, 135nn7,8

Johnson, Luke Timothy, 267n14

John the Baptist, 84, 121n3, 185, 260, 323

Joseph Smith Translation (JST): contributions of, 173, 190–91; overview, 283–84; sermon audience in, 284–85; Beatitudes in, 285–86; questions included in, 286–87; oral and written tradition and, 288–89; meanings of sayings in, 290–91; Lord’s Prayer in, 291–93; provisions for disciples in, 293–94; modernization of text, 295–96; conclusions on, 296; as restoration of original text, 299–300, 309

Josephus: patronage and, 33; on prophetic revelation, 47; on hypocrisy of priests, 182, 183, 193n10; on false prophets, 188; on Jewish revolts, 195n20; collects tithes, 195n22; on Pharisees, 196n32; on temple tax, 197n38

Jubilee, 231–33, 239, 242, 245n12

Judd, Frank F. Jr., 49

judgment: hypocrisy and, 181–85; divine passive and, 241–42; reciprocity and, 260–61; discernment and, 273–74; in Epistle of James, 334

Julius Caesar, 26

justice, 14–15, 206–7, 233–34, 257–61

Justin, 300, 301

Justin Martyr, 222

 

katertismenos, 267n17

Kimball, Spencer W., 86–87, 151, 154n10

King, Martin Luther Jr., 14

King Benjamin, 235–36

kingdom of God: kingdom of heaven and, 144–45, 154n12; commandment to seek, 157–58; historical interpretations of, 158–60; LDS interpretations of, 160–61; temporal life and, 161–63; Restoration and, 163–64; establishing, 164–70; conclusions on, 170–71; Nephites and, 171n1; Atonement and, 240–41; building, 294

kingdom of heaven: as reward, 73; standard of righteousness for, 87–88; kingdom of God and, 144–45, 154n12; least in, 323

Klawans, Jonathan, 190

knowledge: of good and evil, 208; discernment and, 268

Kreeft, Peter, 211

 

Lachs, Samuel, 65

Lamanties, 164–65

Last Supper, 76–77

law of Moses. see Mosaic law

Laws, Sophie, 128

Lee, Harold B.: on Beatitudes, 66; on blessedness, 80; on Sermon on the Mount, 91, 120; on perfection, 139n59; on private worship, 154n9; on pure in heart, 156n32

Lee, John, 9

left hand, 12

legal proceedings, in Mediterranean society, 29, 35–36

Levites, 173–74, 187. See also priests

Lewis, C. S., 117, 219, 222

liberation, 235–36, 245n13, 248n41

light, 80–81, 84–86

Light of Christ, 208, 210

lilies of the field, 308

Lloyd-Jones, D. Martyn, 6, 8

Locke, John, 2

Lord’s Prayer: teaches of God, 141–42, 146, 147; teaches of heaven, 144; Bruce R. McConkie on, 153n3; divine passive and, 236–41; will of God and, 246n19; JST translation of, 291–93; variants in, 306–7, 309; taught to Nephites, 317–18

love: conversion and, 168; for neighbor, 212n8; mercy and, 257–58; description of, 336–37. See also enemies, commandment to love

Luke (Gospel), viii, 269–70, 280n3, 329–31

Lund, Gerald N., 132

lust, 100–101, 112, 290–91, 324, 334

Luz, Ulrich, 108nn27,38, 136n19

lying, 30

 

MacArthur, John, 2

Malina, Bruce J., 25, 28, 35

mammon, 89–90, 176–81

Mann, C. S., 138n52

Mark (Gospel), 327–29

marriage, 101, 108n36, 114–20, 301–3. See also divorce

materialism, 89–90, 171

Matthew (Gospel): Sermon on the Mount according to, vii–viii, 323–27; translations of, 7–8, 284; reaction to sermon in, 42–50, 56; antitheses in context of, 104–5; Jewish priestly class in, 193n15; Beatitudes of Luke and, 269–70, 280n3; hypocrisy according to, 281n11

Matthews, Robert J., 190, 283

maturity, 128–29

McConkie, Bruce R.: on covenant disciples, 83; on salvation, 142; on characteristics of God, 147; on God as Father, 147–48; on obedience, 149; on perfection of God, 150; on seeing God, 151; on Lord’s Prayer, 153n3; on works and discipleship, 224

McGrath, Alister, 218, 227

McKay, David O., 148, 169

meat, 187, 200nn78,80

Mediterranean society: understanding, 24–25; honor and shame in, 24–32; patronage in, 32–35, 40n32; wealth in, 35–36; teaching authority in, 38–39

meek, 68–69

Mekilta de Rabbi Ishmael, 45–46

mercy: in Psalms, 70; reciprocity and, 135n7, 147, 257–61; divine passive and, 234; commandment for, 249–50; as Christlike quality, 250–51; in Sermon on the Plain, 251–52; in Beatitudes, 252–55; as part of true discipleship, 255–57, 263–64; proverb of blind man and, 261–63; parables on, 264–65; extending, 265–66; in Epistle of James, 333

merismus, 339n11

Merrill, Joseph F., 207, 210, 211, 214n40

Messiah, Psalms and, 60–61

messianic banquet, 253

millennium, 144

Millet, Robert L., 190

miracles, 143, 216–17, 277

missionary work, 206, 293–94, 325–26

Mohammed, 212n16

Monson, Thomas S., 228

Mormon, 320–22

Moroni, 5, 11–12, 126–27, 136n24, 320–22

Morris, Leon, 216

mortal perfection, 133

Mosaic law: retribution under, 5–7; revelation and, 46–49, 57n14; fulfillment of, 49–50, 53–55, 94–96, 106n1, 129–30, 137n39, 287–89; Nephites and, 51–53; Dead Sea Scrolls and, 57n13; standard of righteousness under, 87–88; thesis-antithesis method and, 93–94, 96–98, 131; marriage and divorce under, 114–15, 121n10; good works under, 137n42; ritual purity under, 184–85; Golden Rule and, 203–7

Moses, 77, 114, 121n10, 250

mote, 181–82, 263, 273–77, 290

mountain, vii–viii, 77–79

mourn, those who, 67–68, 231–33

mouth, “he opened his mouth,” 64–65

Mowinckel, Sigmund, 62

murder, 98–99

Muschamp, Wayne, 280nn6,7

mystery, 116–17

 

neighbor(s): love for, 17, 103, 207, 212n8, 256, 289; Golden Rule and, 204, 258; learning about, 208–9

Nelson, Russell M.: on Atonement, 77; on perfection, 89, 124, 131, 133; on Golden Rule, 202, 212n16

3 Nephi, sermon quoted in, 313–19

Nephites: Mosaic law and revelation among, 51–53; understanding of, 53–55; kingdom of God and, 164–65, 171n1; Jubilee and, 245n12; knowledge of sermon, 314; religious practices of, 321

New Testament: Psalms in, 60–61; perfection in, 127–28; translation of, 298–99, 309–10; sermon variants in, 299–300; Sermon on the Mount quoted in, 322–23

Neyrey, Jerome, 31

Noah, 124–25

Nolland, John, 125

 

Oakman, Douglas E., 25–26

Oaks, Dallin H.: on responding to evil, 1; on “resist not evil,” 10; on ‘gay bashing’, 17; on discipleship, 82; on controlling feelings, 100; on divorce, 108n36; on marriage and divorce, 119–20; on kingdom of God, 145; on final judgment, 226; on judgment, 242; on Holy Ghost, 273

Oaks, Kristen M., 273

oaths, swearing, 29–30, 102, 334

obedience, 149, 216–18

Odyssey (Homer), 204

oiktirein, 266n3

oiktirmon, 250–51, 266n3

Old Testament, 124–26, 203–4

olive trees, 240

one flesh, 114–16

Oniads, 175, 193n11

oral law, 48, 57n10, 288–89

Origen, 301, 302

“original sin,” 1–2

ou zainousin, 308

ox, muzzling, 294, 297n19

 

pacifism, 10–11

Packer, Boyd K., 208, 219–20

Pahoran, 11–12

parable(s): of houses built on rock and sand, 37–38, 263–64, 277–78, 316–17; of ten virgins, 223–24; on mercy, 264–65; of good and corrupt trees, 276; of sower, 327–28

Parry, Don, 297n10

patience, 127–28

patronage, 32–35, 40n32

patrons, 32–33

Paul, 13, 128–29, 236, 335–37

peacemakers, 71–72, 234–35

perfection: response to evil and, 20–21; through Jesus Christ, 50, 55–56; commandment for, 88–90, 105, 123–24, 129–31, 133–35, 245n17; in Old Testament, 124–26; Greco-Roman idea of, 126–27; in New Testament, 127–28; LDS insights on, 132–33; of God, 149–50; through mercy, 267n17; of disciples, 281n14

persecution, 72–73, 271–72, 293

personal revelation, 51–53

pesharim, 45

1 Peter, 331–33, 340n27

Petersen, Mark E., 132

Peterson, Eugene H., 225

Pharisees: prophetic revelation and, 47–48; views on divorce, 113–14, 324; overview, 173–74; corruption of, 174–75; hypocrisy of, 182, 199n66, 287–88; in Gospel of Matthew, 194n15; frugality of, 196n32. See also priests

Philo of Alexandria, 126, 197n39, 198n54, 201n88

Piper, Adrian M. S., 209

plan of salvation, 3–5, 154n11

Plato, 126, 212n16

poor/poverty: honor and, 30; in Mediterranean society, 35; in spirit, 66–67, 252–53; Social Gospel movement and, 159–60; kingdom of God and, 165, 170–71; in Galilee, 177, 195n20

porneia, 101, 113, 118, 119

Pratt, Orson, 4, 219

Pratt, Parley P., 152

prayer: for disciples, 76–77; humility in, 84; private, 143–44; purpose of, 145–46; in Gospel of Mark, 328–29. See also Lord’s Prayer

premortal world, 3–4, 246n19

preservative, salt as, 82–83

pride, 66–67

priestcraft, 85

priesthood, 161, 188

priests: overview, 173–74; corruption of, 174–76, 192n9; pursuit of wealth and, 176–81, 194n19; hypocrisy of, 181–85, 199n66, 200n71, 287–88; holy things and, 185–87; false prophets and, 187–90, 201n88; conclusions on, 190–91; Jesus’ attitude toward, 193n14; in Gospel of Matthew, 193n15; mansions of, 195nn24,27; as teachers, 198nn52,54; exorcisms and, 201n90

private worship: characteristics of God and, 142–44, 150; Harold B. Lee on, 154n9; Spencer W. Kimball on, 154n10; discernment and, 273; variants in teaching on, 304–6

prodigal son, 264–65

prophetic revelation, 47–48. See also false prophets

Psalms: overview, 59–60; in New Testament, 60–61; Beatitudes and, 60–65; temple and, 61–65, 239; content of Beatitudes and, 66–73; conclusions on, 73–74

Psalms of Solomon, 67

pure in heart, 62–64, 71, 138n45, 151–52, 156n32

 

Qumran, 16, 45, 57n13, 64

 

raca, 28–29, 99, 301

rachum, 250

racial divisiveness, 16–17

Rauschenbusch, Walter, 159–60, 162, 163

Read, Leonard E., 10

reciprocity, 205–6, 257–61

Rehoboam, 125

Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 283

repentance, 68

repetition, 315–16

“resist not evil,” 7–12

Restoration, 163–64

Resurrection, 133, 167–68

retaliation, 5–8, 13–15, 102–3, 205–6

retribution, 102–3

revelation: Mosaic law and, 46–49, 57n14; Nephites and, 51–53; Dead Sea Scrolls and, 57n13; liberty and, 248n41

revenge. See retaliation

rewards, 304–6, 323, 327

rib, of Adam, 115–16

Rich, Ben E., 206

Richards, Stephen L., 281n16

righteousness: hungering after, 69–70, 130, 233; preservation of world and, 82–83; standard of, 87–88; perfection and, 90; of God, 141–42, 150; public, 147; reverencing God through, 149; unitary nature of, 326

right hand, 12

Ringe, Sharon, 232

ritual purity, 184–85

rivers, in Middle East, 37–38

Robinson, Stephen E., 87–88, 130, 133, 136n24

Rohrbaugh, Richard L., 26, 35

Roman Empire, influence of, 10–11, 177–78, 180–81, 194n17

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 2

Ruvolo, Victoria, 17–19, 20

 

sacrament, 233, 316–17

sacrifice: covenants and, 83–84; great and last, 137n39; at Jerusalem temple, 179–80; dogs and, 187, 200nn78,80; of broken heart and contrite spirit, 239

Sadducees: corruption of, 175–76; hypocrisy of, 182, 185, 199n67; Zadokites and, 199n70. See also priests

salt, 80–84, 86–87, 286–87

salvation: through Jesus Christ, 55–56, 227–28; of meek, 68–69; standard of righteousness for, 87–88; will of God and, 142, 215–16; kingdom of God and, 159–60, 161, 167–68; temporal and spiritual, 161–64; through faith and grace, 218–20, 225–26; through works, 220–25

Samaritan, 264

Sanders, E. P., 190, 197n39, 198n52

Sanhedrin, 182

Satan, 3–4, 143, 154n11, 282n17

savor, 86–87

Schweitzer, Albert, 159

Scott, Richard G., 14

scribes. See priests

Second Coming, 145, 254

secrecy, 142–44

Seidel’s Law, 315

Sepphoris, 177, 194n17, 198nn54,62

Septuagint, 63, 64, 124, 125

Sermon at the Temple: quotes Sermon on the Mount, viii, 313–22; reactions to, 42–43, 50–56; as restoration of original text, 299–300

Sermon on the Mount: overview, vii–viii; reactions to, 42–50, 56; setting of, 61–65, 77–79; audience and purpose of, 284–85; modernization of text, 295–96; quotations of, 312–13, 337–38; quoted in Book of Mormon, 313–22; quoted in New Testament, 322–23

Sermon on the Plain, viii, 329–31

servant songs, 239–40, 247n27

service, forced, 103, 108n42

Seth, 135, 135n8

shame, 25–26

Shammai, Rabbi, 112, 113, 119, 121n5

shekels, 180

Sim, David C., 95

Simon of Cyrene, 108n42

sin: mourning over, 68; avoiding, 100; casting off, 290–91

Sirach, 43

Skeat, T. C., 308

slavery, 103, 108n42

Slavonic Enoch, 72

Smith, Emma, 283

Smith, Joseph: on intelligence, 4; worldliness and, 90; on Resurrection, 133; salvation and, 142; on seeing God, 151–52; on eternal progression, 153n4; Restoration and, 163; on becoming children of God, 236; on trials, 254. See also Joseph Smith Translation (JST)

Smith, Joseph F.: on persecution for Jesus Christ, 73; on perfection, 132; on spirit and body, 163; on faith and obedience, 216–17

Smith, Joseph Fielding: on evil, 3; on agency, 4; on rejecting worldliness, 90; on perfection, 132

Snow, Erastus, 117–18

social estrangement, 26, 31–32

Social Gospel movement, 159, 160, 163

social inequality, 159–64, 167–69, 177–81, 194n19

Socrates, 204, 212n16

Sodom and Gomorrah, 82

Solomon, 67, 125

sower, parable of, 327–28

spirit, body and, 162–63

spiritual gifts, 138n48

spiritual maturity, 128–29

spiritual salvation, 161–64

spiritual unity, 128–29

Stendahl, Krister, 339n7

stone vessels, 184–85, 198nn61,62

Stott, John R. W., 6, 77

study, 208–9

submissiveness, 102–3

swearing oaths, 29–30, 102, 334

swine, 185–87

synagogues, 183, 198n54

Szink, Terrence L., 245n12

 

Talmage, James E., 145, 206

taxes, 179, 197n38

Taylor, John, 20, 149

teaching: beatitudes and, 43–44; thesis-antithesis method of, 44–46; revelation and Mosaic law, 46–49; hypocrisy in, 181–85; priests and, 198nn52,54

teleios, 105, 124, 125–29, 131, 136nn15,19

temple: pure in heart and, 62–64, 71; hungering after righteousness and, 70; mercy and, 70; seeing God and, 151; taxes for, 179, 197n38; Jesus’ cleansing of, 197n46; Psalms and, 239. See also Jerusalem temple

temporal salvation, 161–64, 167–69

temptation: purpose of, 3; of Jesus Christ, 143; of disciples, 255; in Lord’s Prayer, 291–92; of God, 334

Ten Commandments, 97, 100, 105, 137n42

ten virgins, parable of, 223–24

Testament of Moses, 200n71

theological passive. See divine passive

thesis-antithesis method, 44–46, 93–94

3 Nephi, sermon quoted in, 313–19

Thiselton, Anthony C., 137n34

tithes, 179, 195n22, 197n39, 218

Tobit, 204, 212n10

tombs, 178–79, 196n33

Torrey, C. C., 123

Tozer, A. W., 221

transgressions, resolving cases of, 323–24

treasures in heaven, 325

trees, parable of good and corrupt, 276, 282n18, 334–35

trespasses, 291

trials: enduring, 127–28; comfort in, 254; of discipleship, 254–55

trust, in patronage, 34

truth/truthfulness, 30, 102, 272–73

“turn the other cheek,” 12–15, 29

Twain, Mark, 9

Tyndale, William, 291

Tyrian shekels, 180

 

United States, individualism in, 25

unity, spiritual, 128–29

Urim and Thummim, 188

 

variants, in sermons: overview, 298–300; in teachings on anger, 300–301; in teachings on divorce, 301–3; in commandment to love enemies, 303–4; in teachings on private worship, 304–6; in Lord’s Prayer, 306–7; lilies of the field, 308; conclusions on, 308–10

Vaticanus, 300

Vaught, Carl G., 79, 80

Via, Dan O. Jr., 281n13

Viviano, Benedictine T., 231, 240, 241–42

 

wadis, 37–38

War Scroll, 67

Wattles, Jeffrey, 203, 210, 211

Wayment, Thomas A., 251

wealth, 35–36, 159–60, 169, 176–81, 195n20

weeping, 254

Welch, John W., 243, 245n12

wicked: preservation of, 82–83; grief over, 254

Widtsoe, John A., 3, 4–5

Wierzbicka, Anna, 155n19

William, Bishop, 211n1

will of God, 142, 215–18, 238–40, 244, 246nn19,23

Wilson, Marvin R., 36

Wink, Walter, 12

Wisdom literature, 43, 57n1

“without a cause,” 300–301

woe statements, 255, 271–72, 280n6

Woodruff, Wilford, 162

works. See good works

worldliness: disciples and, 76–77, 84–86; Beatitudes and, 79; salt of the earth and, 80–84, 86–87; materialism and, 89–90; rejecting, 90–91

written law. See Mosaic law

 

Young, Brigham, 134, 139n67, 220–21

 

Zadokites, 199n70

Zenos, 240

Zion, 165–66, 170